Saturday, July 26, 2014

Glaciers, caves and ice caves in Norway

In Norway, the caves are mostly in Salten and Helgeland area and have all shapes and sizes.
Some are very narrow that one needs to really squeeze going through them, while others are like huge cathedrals with stalagmites, waterfalls and small lakes with fishes in them.
Inside a cave the temperature is around 5ºC all year round and inside the glacier is about -3ºC.
Nigardsbreen Glacier, Jostedal (Photo from Visit Norway)
Nigardsbreen Glacier, Jostedal (Photo from Visit Norway)
Glaciers:

1. The giant glaciers in Svalbard contain huge hollows and melted water channels formed in the glaciers during the summer, which form a kind of blue world of rooms, tunnels and distinctive formations. During the winter these channels freeze, creating spectacular ice caves we can visit, they become stable, and one can enter some of the ice caves. The trips into the ice caves are led by certified guides and are suitable for all able-bodied people if you do not suffer from total claustrophobia.
A fascinating, indescribable excursion into a glacier - by snowmobile using powerful headlamps - through a dry, frozen melt water channel. This is a labyrinth of ice, with numerous blue and white ice formations, where everything looks as the work of a perfectionist.

2. Jostedal glacier - a spectacularly large, pristine ice cave beneath the Nigardsbreen region of Norway's Jostedal Glacier National Park.


Caves and ice caves:

1. Grønligrotta Cave - Grønligrotta is one of the largest and most visited caves in the Nordic region. This is also the only Nordic cave with electric lighting.

2. Jarlshola (The Cave of the Jarl) - Melhus in Sør-Trøndelag county

3. Radiohola - Halsnøy Isl. (1.5 - 2 kilometres inland, on the top of a small clearing surrounded by forests, and can not be seen from low ground, which made it an ideal hiding place used by the Norwegian resistance during the second world war).

4. Raggejavreraige cave - located in a mountain above the Hellemofjorden in the municipality of Tysfjord in Nordland county, near the lake Råggejávrre, ~2 kms South from the Musken village, and is a limestone cave that has been eroded by this underground river at 580 metres (1,900 ft) deep, being the deepest cave in Scandinavia and the only known deep cave North of the Arctic Circle.

5. Longyearbyen icecave - Svalbard - a unique adventure of 7 hours dogsledding to the magnificent icecave.

6. Setergrotta Cave - For the adventurous traveler, we recommend the two-hour guided tour of the Setergrotta Cave north of Mo i Rana. You can experience large Giant’s kettles, gigantic chambers, ice and limestone formations, narrow marble passages and an underground river.
The Magic White Caves (Photo: Gudvangen Fjordtel)
The Magic White Caves (Photo by Gudvangen Fjordtel)
7. The Magic White Caves of Gudvangen - inside the white mountain of Anorthosit, welcomes visitors with colours and darkness, silence and music, magic ponds, Grieg, Troll and Vikings.

8. The Troll's Church - One of the longest caves in Norway is a stone's throw from Harstad/ Narvik Airport Evenes.The cave is full of spectacular formations, large and small halls where the church hall is the heart of the whole cave system. Church hall can accommodate more than 100 people.
In the roof about 20 feet above us, we can see the reverse potholes from the time the entrance was only a few centimeters high about one million years ago, which makes the cave to one of the oldest in the country.

9. Tjoarvekrajgge (The Reindeer Antler Cave) - in the municipality of Sørfold in Nordland, has 502 m in depth, more than 20 kms length and is the longest cave in Scandinavia.